Understanding Lumbar Stabilization Exercise

A lumbar stabilization exercise is a type of physical therapy where the lumbar spine (in the lower back) is strengthened and stretched from a neutral, pain-free position. Lower back pain is something that nearly everyone will deal with at some point in their life, although the vast majority of back pain takes care of itself in a few days. For those who experience persistent lower back pain, lumbar stabilization exercise techniques may be used to ensure correct spinal alignment and alleviate stress on the lower back by strengthening the back and core muscles.

Benefits of therapy

It may seem counterintuitive, but for many patients experiencing lower back pain, one of the best treatments is exercise. By strengthening the muscles that support the lower back, the patient may be able to reduce stress placed on the spine and reduce the chance of re-injury in the future. The goal of a lumbar stabilization exercise is to stabilize the lower back and then strengthen these muscles with flexion and extension of various joints.

Lumbar stabilization usually begins with finding the neutral spine position, or the position where the cervical (neck), thoracic (middle back) and lumbar spine are in good alignment. An individual can typically achieve this position by lying on his or her back with the knees bent and the spine completely relaxed. Once the neutral spine position is found and maintained, a physical therapist will lead a variety of exercises designed to target the individual’s symptoms.


A few examples of lumbar stabilization exercise include:

  • Exercise ball techniques
  • Stomach tone
  • Buttock tone
  • And more

In the event that lumbar stabilization exercise does not provide the pain relief required, contact Laser Spine Institute to learn about our minimally invasive outpatient procedures that can help you find pain relief.