Relationship between back sprains and strains

Sprains and strains are a common cause of back pain. If you’ve ever felt the pain of straining your back, you know that it can severely limit your daily activities. In fact, most of us will experience this type of pain at some point in our lives. Back pain from these types of injuries is among the most common conditions that doctors see.

Back sprains and strains are injuries to the soft tissues of your back, such as muscles, tendons and ligaments. These injuries most often occur in the lumbar spine (lower back) area because that is the part of our back that does the most work, as it supports most of our weight and allows for movements like bending or twisting.

Unlike conditions such as herniated discs, spondylosis, spinal stenosis and other degenerative spine issues, back sprains and strains are generally the result of a single action or injury rather than developing over time. Read on to learn more about the differences between sprains and strains as well as the treatment options available to alleviate your discomfort.

Difference between sprains vs. strains

Sprains and strains often get lumped together in discussions about back pain causes, but they are not the same thing. The two injuries are similar in nature but affect different tissues in the back. Tendons attach muscle to bones and ligaments attach bones to other bones. Back strains are injuries in which the muscles or tendons, which are the tough bands of tissue that hold your muscles to the bones in your back, are injured.

Back sprains, on the other hand, involve your ligaments — the bands of tissue that hold your joints together. If you sprain your back, it means that one of the ligaments in your back is torn or stretched past its normal range of motion. Although they are different injuries, the treatment plan for sprains and strains are likely to be identical.

Conservative methods of treating back sprain or strain

If your pain is severe enough, you should see a doctor to rule out any disorder that may be more serious than a simple sprain or strain. However, for the majority of people with back sprain or strain injuries, a conservative two-fold treatment approach should bring limited recovery within a day or two and a complete recovery within two to three weeks. If your pain persists longer than that, seek medical attention as soon as possible.

The first step in treating these injuries is to minimize pain and the risk of muscle spasms. Rest the injury and use cold packs to reduce swelling and inflammation. Placing pressure on the injury might also help during the first 24 to 48 hours, as will over-the-counter nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) like ibuprofen.

Once the pain has subsided (usually within one to two days), try to gradually reintroduce gentle movement and activity. Resting too much may result in your muscles and soft tissues tightening up, which could prolong the injury. Try simple stretches in addition to walking, swimming and other low-impact activities that will allow you to flex and exercise the injured muscles without overworking them. Not only is the exercise good for keeping the back loose and free, but it also helps improve circulation so your body can speed healing.

Treating back sprain or strain through surgical means

Some patients aren’t able to ease their symptoms through conservative therapies and instead turn to surgery as a last resort. If this describes your situation, contact Laser Spine Institute today to learn more about our procedures. The muscle-sparing techniques performed at Laser Spine Institute offer a shorter recovery and a safer and effective alternative compared to traditional open neck or back procedures.^

Laser Spine Institute is the leader in minimally invasive spine surgery and has helped more than 75,000 patients find relief from chronic neck or back pain. Our board-certified surgeons+ use a less than 1-inch incision in order to alleviate symptoms of back sprains and strains while resulting in less bleeding and a lower risk of complication compared to traditional open neck or back surgery.^

To find out if you are a candidate for our procedures, reach out to Laser Spine Institute today and ask for your no-cost MRI review.* We can help guide you on your next step to find pain relief.