Foraminal Stenosis

After being diagnosed with foraminal stenosis, you may find yourself wondering about the causes, symptoms and available treatment options to treat your pain and symptoms. Foraminal stenosis is simply the narrowing of the foramina, or the openings through which the nerves exit the spinal canal. When these openings become constricted, the nerve may become pinched and irritated. This can cause a number of symptoms as well as debilitating pain.

Causes of foraminal stenosis

This condition is generally caused by other conditions that have caused elements of the spinal canal to build up within the foramina. These conditions often include:

  • Bone spurs – These smooth excess growths can impinge upon spinal nerves.
  • Herniated or bulging discs – Degenerative disc disease and the natural degradation of the intervertebral discs over time can exert pressure on spinal nerves as the discs bulge or even burst open.
  • Spinal arthritis – Degeneration of spinal joints (facet joints) can also lead to foraminal stenosis.
  • And others


Suffering from the compression related to foraminal stenosis can greatly impact your ability to enjoy daily activities. Some of the most commonly associated symptoms include:

  • Pain
  • Tingling
  • Weakness
  • Shooting pain
  • Inability to walk or stand for long periods
  • Numbness
  • Burning sensations

Treatment options

Before looking into surgical options, it is important to look into the conservative treatments available to you. We often recommend patients suffering from foraminal stenosis try treatments such as physical therapy, massage and stretching before moving forward with surgical options. For many patients, these conservative treatments are successful in treating and managing their pain and symptoms. However, for a portion of patients these treatments will fail to bring any relief. Laser Spine Institute offers minimally invasive procedures as effective alternatives to traditional open neck and back surgery. If conservative treatments are no longer bringing you the relief you need, contact Laser Spine Institute to see if you may be a candidate for one of our procedures today.