Back spasm treatment options

A back spasm is a spontaneous, involuntary contraction of a back muscle. Most commonly seen in the lower back, this condition causes tight, sore muscles and is very painful. This condition can particularly affect active people and athletes, although it can also follow any injury that inflames or irritates the back muscles. The root cause of the spasms can range from something as simple as strain due to exercise, to more chronic causes like a spinal disc issue.

The good news is that if chronic back spasms are affecting your ability to work, spend time with friends and family, or even just go for a walk, there are treatment options. The best course of action for back spasms depends on the situation, but in a great many cases, pain can be managed with conservative, nonsurgical therapies. The main symptom of a back spasm is the onset of severe pain in the back as a result of involuntary muscle contraction. This pain can be worsened in some cases by moving your arms or legs, leaving you largely immobile.

Back spasm conservative treatments

If you have been experiencing back spasms but do not know the cause, the first step is to consult with your doctor for a diagnosis and treatment plan. Most physicians will usually first treat mild to moderate back issues with conservative options. Commonly prescribed treatments include:

  • Anti-inflammatory pain medication — prescription or over-the-counter
  • Muscle relaxants
  • Alternating hot and cold compression therapy
  • Rest
  • Back braces
  • Elevating your legs to take stress off your back
  • Targeted exercise or stretching techniques (may be effective for strengthening the back and limiting pain, but this should always be done under supervision of your physician to avoid aggravating the injury)

Other treatment options

In many situations, back spasms are a temporary frustration that can be overcome with conservative treatment. However, if you experience recurring back spasms, an underlying spine issue may be the cause. Bulging or herniated discs, for example, can regularly lead to back spasms. To learn more about all of your back spasm treatment options, contact Laser Spine Institute. We can provide you with a review of your MRI report or CT scan to determine if our minimally invasive spine surgery can help you find relief from back spasm pain.