SI joint dysfunction causes

An injured SI joint causes lower back symptoms if a nerve is compressed. Learn more with Laser Spine Institute.

Sacroiliac (SI) joint pain can be caused by certain spine conditions, as well as other injuries or abnormalities of the spine. These types of conditions that cause SI joint dysfunction often result in pain and symptoms, including pain in the lower back, hips and pelvis, as well as pain, tingling and/or numbness in one or both legs and buttocks.

Patients who suffer from SI joint pain and dysfunction understand the debilitating pain associated with this condition. The chronic pain and limited mobility associated with SI joint pain can cause a patient to experience a decrease in quality of life because he or she can no longer perform daily activities or hobbies. If you are experiencing pain that is causing a decline in your daily life, please seek advice from your physician or a spine care specialist. Your medical professional can help determine the cause of your pain and symptoms, and the best treatment options based on the severity of your condition.

Causes of SI joint dysfunction and pain

SI joint dysfunction can be caused by several types of degenerative spine conditions, injuries or spinal abnormalities. The most common cause of this condition is often degenerative spine disease, which simply describes the gradual deterioration of the spine during the natural aging process. With years of weight gain and/or repetitive motion, the cartilage covering the SI joint may begin to wear down, causing the vertebra and bone surrounding the SI joint to rub together. This could result in the development of bone spurs, misalignment of the spine and the compression of the nerve root located next to the SI joint.

Other causes of SI joint dysfunction can include:

  • Previous lumbar fusion
  • Arthritis
  • Pregnancy
  • Degenerative sacroiliitis
  • Uneven hip alignment
  • Injury from misstep or fall
  • Uneven length in legs

The cause of your SI joint pain can be determined by undergoing an MRI test or CT scan to allow the physician or spine specialist to get a closer look at the anatomy of your spine. This precise imaging will help the medical expert distinguish any deterioration or abnormalities in your spine that could be compressing a nerve root near the SI joint and causing you chronic pain. Once the cause of your pain is determined, you and your physician can work together to find a treatment option that best fits your needs.

For more information about the treatment options available to you or to determine if you are a candidate for our safer, effective alternative to traditional open back surgery, please contact our Care Team at Laser Spine Institute and ask about our minimally invasive procedures. To date, we’ve helped more than 75,000 patients find relief from chronic neck and back pain, and we are confident that our minimally invasive procedures can help treat your SI joint dysfunction.