A Brief Overview of the Types of Scoliosis

Different scoliosis types can be caused by many factors. Learn what they are with Laser Spine Institute's helpful guide.

At its most basic, scoliosis can be simply defined as an abnormal curvature of the spine. The degree and nature of this curvature varies depending on the case, but all types of scoliosis can affect the everyday lives of those who have developed it. In order to better understand scoliosis, take a look at the brief overview below.

Distinguishing among scoliosis types

The types of scoliosis include:

  • Neuromuscular – This type of scoliosis is caused by abnormalities in the myoneural muscle-nerve pathways of the body. It is usually first observed during childhood and may lead to paralysis, and it can be treated by bracing the spine, implanting growing rods or completing spinal fusion surgery.
  • Osteopathic – The name of this type of scoliosis means “originating from the bone,” and it is connected to the occurrence of vertebral diseases. It causes lateral curvature of the spine.
  • Congenital – This type of scoliosis presents at birth, as the affected infant has malformed vertebrae or unusually fused vertebrae.
  • Idiopathic – This term refers to scoliosis without a known cause. It is usually detected in adolescence, and screenings are sometimes performed in middle or high school.
  • Degenerative – Also known as “de novo scoliosis,” this condition occurs in adulthood and is linked to the changes the spine undergoes as it grows older. For example, damaged discs and worn-down cartilage can contribute to an abnormal curvature of the spine.

Scoliosis treatment options

All types of scoliosis may be treated through conservative means, but those steps are only intended to temporarily alleviate symptoms rather than treating the curvature of the spine itself. If you have degenerative scoliosis and you want to address the root problem, consider the outpatient surgical procedures performed by Laser Spine Institute.

Learn more about minimally invasive spine surgery

We offer minimally invasive alternatives to traditional open spine surgery, so contact us today for more information and to see if you’re a good candidate for our procedures.