Scoliosis causes explained

Scoliosis causes are largely unknown, with most of the cases being considered idiopathic — a condition with a spontaneous or unknown cause. Most patients with scoliosis developed the condition during their adolescence and did not require treatment because the spinal curvature was mild. Many others who underwent treatments like bracing or surgery after being diagnosed were able to stabilize the condition.

Unfortunately, some who successfully managed their scoliosis in childhood may see the condition progress or become more severe in adulthood. In these cases, an updated diagnosis and treatment may be necessary. Adults who underwent scoliosis surgery as adolescents may also develop some additional neck or back problems later in life. Adult-onset scoliosis, also called degenerative scoliosis, may also occur. To learn about scoliosis causes, risks, types and treatments, read the following article.

Scoliosis causes, risk factors and types

Some individuals may be at a higher risk for developing scoliosis than others. Adolescents between the ages of eight and 12, before the onset of puberty, are most likely to develop the condition. Genetics can also be a component — those with a family history of scoliosis are more likely to develop it themselves.

Scoliosis is a general term referring to excessive side-to-side curving of the spine, but there are actually different types of scoliosis, each with its own causes:

  • Idiopathic scoliosis — develops in adolescence due to largely unknown causes, suspected to be related to the rapid growth that comes at this age
  • Congenital scoliosis — develops in the womb due to improper growth or fusion of vertebrae
  • Neuromuscular scoliosis — develops due to a neuromuscular disease, such as cerebral palsy, polio or muscular dystrophy
  • Degenerative scoliosis — develops due to spinal arthritis, degenerative disc disease or other forms of spine degeneration related to age or repetitive stress

Treatment options for your scoliosis

If you are an adult dealing with scoliosis and have been unable to find relief with physician-prescribed conservative treatments, such as pain medication, chiropractic care and physical therapy, then Laser Spine Institute may be able to help. We can perform minimally invasive decompression surgery aimed at relieving the nerve compression that scoliosis causes. In certain cases, our minimally invasive stabilization procedures can slow the progression of spinal curvature.

Our minimally invasive techniques have helped more than 75,000 patients get their lives back while avoiding the long recovery period associated with traditional open back procedures.^ We have outpatient surgery centers across the United States and a culture of patient-centered care that puts you first. Contact our team today to learn what sets us apart as the leader in minimally invasive spine surgery.

Through a free MRI review,* we can determine if you are a potential candidate for our minimally invasive scoliosis surgery.