Facet Syndrome Surgery
Facet syndrome surgery — surgical options to treat arthritic facet joints
Facet syndrome surgery is usually performed only when conservative treatment options have failed to provide sufficient relief, or when the symptoms become debilitating. Since nonsurgical treatments are typically very effective in managing the symptoms of this condition, few patients require surgery. Still, for a select segment of the population, surgical intervention can provide the best chance for overcoming the symptoms of a degenerative spine condition like facet syndrome. With that said, it’s important to understand that there are many different types of spine surgery available, and it is up to the patient to thoroughly research the options available in order to make the right choice for his or her health.
Open spine facet syndrome surgery
One surgical option for patients who have been diagnosed with facet syndrome is open spine surgery. This type of surgery must be performed in a traditional hospital setting and a patient should expect to remain hospitalized for several days after the surgery for observation.
During an open spine procedure, a large initial incision must be made and the surrounding muscles, ligaments and other soft tissues that help support the neck or back must be carefully cut to allow the surgical team access to the deteriorated facet joint. Depending on the extent of the facet joint issue, the vertebral segment might be stabilized using bone grafts and surgical implants to prevent painful joint movement in the future. Following surgery, the entry point is closed and the patient begins the rehabilitation process.
The inherent difficulty with open spine surgery is that it is major surgery and, as with any form of major surgery, there is a risk of postsurgical complications. Furthermore, the nature of the open spine approach is highly invasive, which means that even if the surgery is a complete success, the patient will have a lengthy recovery and rehabilitation process to get back to full strength.
In some instances, including situations where spinal degeneration is severe or spread across several segments of the spine, open spine facet syndrome surgery is the prudent choice. However, for many other patients, there is another direction that warrants exploration.
Minimally invasive facet syndrome surgery
At Laser Spine Institute, we are the leaders in minimally invasive facet syndrome surgery. A key advantage to this approach is that our procedures are performed on an outpatient basis and involve fewer incidents of surgical complications than their open spine counterparts. Furthermore, the recovery and rehabilitation process following a minimally invasive procedure is typically less arduous because our surgeons move muscle tissue aside rather than cutting through it, limiting collateral damage around the neck or back.
For patients with facet syndrome and other forms of spinal degeneration, Laser Spine Institute may recommend any of the following minimally invasive decompression surgeries:
- Foraminotomy — a procedure that is designed to relieve pressure on nerves as they enter and exit the spinal column
- Laminotomy — a procedure designed to reduce pressure on the spinal cord that develops as a result of a narrowing of the spinal canal, or spinal stenosis
- Discectomy — a procedure to carefully remove herniated disc material or a bulging disc wall to alleviate nerve compression
- Facet thermal ablation — a type of facet syndrome surgery that deadens the nerve within a facet joint that has become inflamed as a result of facet arthritis
Additionally, Laser Spine Institute specializes in minimally invasive stabilization surgery for patients whose facet syndrome has advanced to the point that the stability of a vertebral segment is at risk. Some examples of the stabilization procedures we offer include:
- Decompression with Interlaminar Stabilization™ device — a coflex® device is placed on the lamina to open up a constricted intervertebral foramen in order to decompress a spinal nerve root
- Anterior cervical discectomy fusion — a small incision is made through the front of the neck to access a damaged intervertebral disc, which is replaced with a bone graft or artificial disc
- Cervical disc replacement — a minimally invasive procedure wherein a deteriorated intervertebral disc is substituted with a new artificial disc
- Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion — a bone graft and spacer is inserted into disc space to maintain disc height and stabilize the region of the spine.
- Lateral lumbar interbody fusion — a procedure that accesses the spine from an incision on the side of the body to avoid the need to separate low back muscles and other tissue
- SI joint fusion — a surgery that stabilizes the area where the sacrum joints meet the pelvis in the lower torso
- Posterior cervical fusion — a cervical fusion surgery that is performed through the back of the neck to achieve stabilization
While these procedures all vary widely on style and approach, the unifying theme is that they are all performed in an outpatient surgery center by surgeons who have dedicated their careers to minimally invasive spine surgery. These operations represent a compelling alternative to open spine surgery.
Causes of facet syndrome
Facet syndrome, also known as spinal osteoarthritis, is the natural deterioration of the facet joints in the spine that is associated with normal wear and tear over the years. As part of the aging process, the facet joints gradually lose their protective articular cartilage. This deterioration may progress to the point that bone abrades adjacent bone, causing significant inflammation. Inflammation also stimulates the formation of bone spurs, which are excess bony growths on the articular margins of facet joints. These smooth protuberances are harmless on their own and only become symptomatic if they compress a nearby spinal nerve or other soft tissue. It is this “pinching” that causes symptoms, not the bone spurs themselves.
The most common symptoms associated with facet syndrome include:
- Pain and stiffness at the site of bone-on-bone contact or at the site of a pinched nerve
- Pain that radiates along the length of a compressed nerve root
- Muscle weakness
Again, facet syndrome surgery is typically an elective procedure that is considered only if all conservative treatments fail to provide sufficient relief. Physical therapy, pain medication, hot and cold therapy and other nonsurgical choices are usually sufficient for most patients. However, if several weeks or months of conservative treatment leads to little or no improvement, contact Laser Spine Institute. We will be glad to tell you more about our state-of-the-art, minimally invasive procedures that are performed using advanced technology. Our procedures are an alternative to open back facet syndrome surgery and have helped more than 50,000 patients.