More information about disc extrusion

A disc extrusion, also called a ruptured disc, occurs when the vertebrae of the spine become compressed and pinch one of the discs until the jellylike fluid in the middle of the disc breaks out of the outer shell and leaks into the spinal canal. Most patients who suffer from a disc extrusion experience chronic and severe back pain where the fluid from the disc impacts a nerve root in the spinal canal.

Most cases of disc extrusion occur in the cervical spine (neck) or lumbar spine (lower back) because these two areas of the spine endure the most movement and general wear and tear. As the spine undergoes the natural aging process, components of the spine, such as the disc and joints, might begin to deteriorate, causing the vertebrae to compress under the weight of the body without the support and cushion of the discs and joints. As the vertebrae compress, the disc between a set of vertebrae is clamped, causing the fluid in the disc to break through the shell of the disc and ooze into the spinal canal.

If you are experiencing symptoms of gradually increasing pain in your neck or lower back, you should consult your physician to determine the cause of your pain. You can also learn more about the symptoms and treatment options available for disc extrusions by reviewing our disc extrusion articles. As you continue to research this spine condition, we encourage you to reach out to a Spine Care Consultant with any questions you have about your condition or the treatment options available to you.