Spine fusion surgery

Spinal fusion is a type of surgery used to treat severe degenerative spine conditions. Typically, these conditions have progressed to the point that the integrity of the spine is compromised, requiring the damaged disc in the spine to be removed and the spine stabilized, or fused together in the area of weakness.

There are two main approaches to spinal fusion, traditional open spinal fusion and minimally invasive procedures, including the minimally invasive stabilization surgery performed at Laser Spine Institute. While both types of surgery have the same goal, there are many important differences in how they are performed that patients should consider if they are being recommended for surgery.

For example, during both traditional and minimally invasive discectomy and fusion procedures, a surgeon will remove a damaged disc to release pressure on a pinched nerve root. Since the removal of a disc leaves an open space between two vertebrae, a spinal fusion will be performed to permanently connect the vertebrae and provide them with more stability. This type of fusion includes bone grafts and metal screws and rods to permanently fuse together the two vertebrae. The difference between the two approaches is with the level of invasiveness involved, including the size of the incision and how much the surrounding muscles and other soft tissues are affected.

Benefits and risks of spinal fusion

Spinal fusion can be a very beneficial procedure used to treat several types of degenerative spine conditions that have not responded to months or years of conservative treatment. The most common spine conditions treated with spinal fusion include:

  • Degenerative disc disease
  • Spondylosis or osteoarthritis
  • Herniated disc
  • Spinal injuries, such as vertebral fracture
  • Kyphosis
  • Scoliosis
  • Spondylolisthesis
  • Spinal tumors

While traditional spinal fusion offers possible pain relief from these conditions, it also offers an increased risk of infection and failed back surgery syndrome due to the highly invasive nature of the procedure.^ The large incision to access the spine requires the muscles around the spine to be detached and then later reattached. This invasive technique increases the risk of excessive scar tissue buildup, which can interfere with the fusion and ultimately lead to failed back surgery syndrome.

Minimally invasive stabilization at Laser Spine Institute

An alternative is minimally invasive spinal stabilization at Laser Spine Institute. Our procedures are performed through a small muscle-sparing incision that reduces the risk of infection and postoperative complications.^

Here are some of the advantages of Laser Spine Institute’s minimally invasive spine surgery:

  • Patient recommendation score of 98 out of 100^
  • No lengthy recovery^
  • Small incision
  • Minimally invasive outpatient procedure
  • Board-certified surgeons+

For more information about the minimally invasive stabilization surgery at Laser Spine Institute, please contact our team today.

We’re happy to provide a free MRI review* to determine if you are a potential candidate for one of our procedures.