Causes, symptoms and treatments of spinal stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition that refers to a narrowing of the spinal canal, which houses the spinal cord and spinal nerve roots. Spinal stenosis causes include genetic defects, tumors and a number of degenerative spine conditions such as bulging or herniated discs, osteoarthritis and bone spurs. If a degenerative spine condition causes inflammation or misalignment of one of the spine’s anatomical elements, the spinal canal can narrow to the point that one of the nerve roots or the spinal cord becomes compressed. Read on to learn about the symptoms and treatment options for spinal stenosis.

Spinal stenosis symptoms

Spinal stenosis does not cause any symptoms in and of itself. It is only when a nerve root or the spinal cord becomes compressed by a spinal abnormality that symptoms appear. When this occurs, spinal stenosis typically causes patients to experience the following symptoms:

  • Pain
  • Numbness
  • Tingling
  • Muscle weakness

Spinal stenosis sometimes causes radicular pain, which is discomfort in areas of the body other than the neck or back. This is because the nerves in the spine are responsible for controlling movement and sensation throughout the body. As a result, the location of a patient’s symptoms will vary depending on the position of the affected spinal nerve and can include the neck, back, hips, shoulders and/or extremities.

Spinal stenosis treatments

Treatment for spinal stenosis typically begins with conservative techniques such as the use of pain medication, hot and cold therapy and physical therapy. In the event that several weeks or months of these treatments fail to provide meaningful relief, a doctor may recommend surgery. If this is the case for you, contact Laser Spine Institute to learn about the advantages of minimally invasive spine surgery.

Laser Spine Institute’s minimally invasive procedures are the safer and effective alternative to traditional open neck or back surgery, by offering a lower risk of complication, less surgical blood loss and no lengthy recovery.^ Our minimally invasive procedures have helped more than 75,000 people find relief from neck and back pain, setting us apart as the leader in minimally invasive spine surgery.

Depending on the severity of your condition, our highly skilled surgeons perform either a discectomy, foraminotomy or laminotomy through the use of a small incision that is muscle sparing, thereby providing you with lasting relief from your condition. To find out if you are a potential candidate for our spinal stenosis surgery, reach out to our dedicated team today and ask for a free MRI review.*

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