The C2 vertebra is the second vertebra from the top of the spine. It lies on a plane equal to the teeth when the mouth is closed. Commonly known as the Axis, the C2 vertebra differs in structure from all other vertebrae. Uniquely, it features a significant vertical protrusion, called the dens, which serves as a pivot point for the joint formed by the C1 and C2 vertebrae.
From beneath the C2 vertebra issues the C3 nerve root. Since the cervical spine withstands a great deal more movement than does the rest of the spine, the intervertebral discs between the cervical vertebrae are predictably susceptible to injury or degeneration, possibly leading to such a condition as herniated disc. If the C3 nerve root is compressed by a herniated disc, the patient may experience the following symptoms:
- loss of mobility in the neck
- numbness or tingling sensations in the neck and shoulder
- pain in the back of the head or neck, or pain behind the eyes or ears.
Successfully treating such conditions is the mission of Laser Spine Institute (LSI), where our renowned surgeons make use of the most advanced laser-assisted spine surgery techniques in order to treat your spine problems as quickly and with as little down time as possible. For more information or to ask for a free review of your MRI or CT scan, contact us today.