Questions? Call Toll-Free 1-

Contact us today. We're here for you seven days a week.

Contact Us By Phone 1-
Am I a Candidate for Surgery? Learn More
Request an MRI Review Submit Information

Spinal Anatomy


spinal anatomy

The spinal anatomy is engaged in almost every movement made by the human body. Our arms, legs, chest, and head all are attached to the spine – and the spine’s complex arrangement of bone, cartilage, ligaments, nerves, muscles, blood vessels, and other tissue is strong enough to support the body, yet flexible enough to allow for a wide range of motion. All in all, our spinal anatomy is the foundation for all physical function, including exercise, sitting, walking, and resting.

The term spinal anatomy is often used interchangeably with the word “backbone,” and not without reason: there are 33 bones in the spine, known as vertebrae, which are stacked from top to bottom. These vertebrae are categorized into five areas. The categories are:

  • Cervical spine (C1-C7) – commonly referred to as the neck, the cervical spine is made up of the seven vertebrae at the top of the spine, which help support the head
  • Thoracic spine (T1-T12) – the 12 vertebrae in the central section, to which the ribs are attached
  • Lumbar spine (L1-L5) – the five vertebrae toward the lower back, which support much of the body’s weight
  • Sacrum (S1-S5) – the five fused vertebrae located between the pelvic bones
  • Coccyx (tailbone) – the four fused vertebrae at the base of the spine

In addition to structural support, the vertebral column provides protection for the spinal cord, the most crucial spinal anatomy element. The spinal cord runs from the brain, along the spine through the spinal canal, and ends between the L1 and L2 vertebrae. The spinal cord is part of the central nervous system and is the primary pathway for messages from the brain to the rest of the body. Nerve roots branch off the spinal cord and exit the spinal column through openings in the vertebrae called foramina.

Structural abnormalities within the spinal anatomy can lead to back or neck pain caused by compressed or irritated nerve roots. Contact the medical professionals at Laser Spine Institute (LSI) to learn about minimally invasive, outpatient procedures that can help you rediscover a life without pain.

Need an immediate response?

Our live chat feature allows you to talk instantly with a representative.

  • - -

Download your free info packet on
Minimally Invasive
Spine Surgery

& receive our e-newsletter.



También disponible en español

What is Laser Spine Surgery? Can Laser Spine Institute Help You?

You can get these answers by attending a complimentary medical seminar.

Back to Health

Be inspired, informed and connected.

Expert answers, informational videos and inspiring stories of patients who returned to life at its fullest with Laser Spine Institute.


Laser Spine Wellness

Patient Reviews and Stories

Natalie Gulbis shares her story about her road to recovery from back pain after minimally invasive surgery.



Learn about Natalie Gulbis' Recovery

Meet our Physicians and Surgeons

Our medical professionals know that you expect excellence in terms of medical attention. We strive to go Above and Beyond your expectations and deliver quality, patient-centered care at each of our surgery centers.

Learn about our physicians & medical staff