Percutaneous disc decompression is a minimally invasive procedure that can help alleviate pain, numbness, and decreased mobility caused by neural pressure created by a ruptured, herniated, or bulging disc. This technique is performed by inserting a small instrument under X-ray guidance through the skin to reach the affected disc and provide treatment.
The hard tissue of the spine is composed of vertebrae separated by discs that are designed to provide support and minimize the impact bones receive daily. As we age, these discs can weaken, and become more vulnerable to a tear or rupture in the outer wall – or annulus fibrosus – of a disc. When a disc ruptures, its gel-like material called the nucleus pulposus may extrude into the spinal column. Extruded material can lead to pressure on the nerves, and subsequent pain. Age related degenerative disc disease is a leading factor herniation and bulging of discs. Traumatic injury of the spine hastens disc degeneration.
Percutaneous disc decompression removes disc material as a way to “decompress” or remove – pressure placed on neural tissue, eliminating the source of the patient’s pain. Percutaneous disc decompression may be recommended for treatment of a variety of conditions such as sciatica, a symptom of an inflamed or injured sciatic nerve. During the procedure, a surgeon, through fluoroscopic guidance, inserts small instruments through the skin and into the damaged disc. Small amounts of the nucleus are removed, reducing the compression of the disc and relieving nerve pressure.
At Laser Spine Institute, we offer a highly advanced percutaneous disc decompression technique called percutaneous endoscopic discectomy. During this innovative procedure, a small incision is made and a tube is inserted. Small surgical instruments are able to access and remove herniated disc or bulging disc material. Patients are typically able to walk within an hour after the procedure, and some patients feel pain relief immediately. Most of our patients report relief from their symptoms within a short period of time.
To learn more about Laser Spine Institute’s percutaneous endoscopic discectomy, please contact us. We will be happy to answer your questions and provide a complimentary review of your MRI or CT scan to determine if you are a candidate for one of our procedures.